Pterygiums are growths of the mucous membrane or conjunctiva covering the eye’s white part. It often looks like a wedge-shaped benign or noncancerous growth. Treating pterygiums is usually unnecessary unless they interfere with your vision.
Treatment Options For Pterygium
Unless your pterygium causes severe discomfort or blocks your vision, you usually don’t need to treat it. You may need to see your eye doctor periodically to see if the growth affects your vision.
A doctor may prescribe corticosteroid eye drops or ointments if the pterygium is causing a lot of irritation or redness.
Surgery may be recommended if eye drops or ointments don’t relieve your symptoms. Surgery may also be needed if a pterygium causes blurry vision or astigmatism. If you wish to remove the pterygium for cosmetic reasons, you can discuss surgical procedures with your doctor.
What Causes Pterygium?
Pterygium’s exact cause is unknown. UV light exposure can lead to these growths. This condition is more common in people who live in warm climates and spend a lot of time outside in windy or sunny environments. The risk of developing this condition is higher for those who routinely expose their eyes to certain elements like pollen and sand.
What are the symptoms?
There are often no symptoms associated with pterygiums. In most cases, the symptoms are mild. Eye irritation, redness, and blurred vision are common symptoms. A burning or itchiness sensation may also occur. Pterygiums can interfere with your vision if they grow large enough to cover your cornea. Pterygiums that are thick or large can also feel like foreign objects in your eye. When you have a pterygium, you may be unable to wear contact lenses.
How serious is Pterygium?
Scarring on the cornea can result from a pterygium, which is rare. It is important to treat corneal scarring as it can impair vision. Eye drops or ointments are usually used to treat minor inflammations. Surgery can be used to remove a pterygium in more severe cases.